Pacific Exploration & Production Corp. has promoted various high-impact oil infrastructure projects in countries like Colombia. The Company has also executed innovative projects based on practices that surpass international benchmarks of efficiency and productivity.
- Bicentenario Pipeline: First 42-inch pipeline for transporting crude oil in Colombia. With a length of over 970 kilometres and a pipe that measures 42 inches in diameter (never before used in Colombia’s oil transportation system), the Bicentenario Pipeline is a turning point for oil production in Colombia; it increased crude transport capacity by 600,000 barrels per day, enabling production levels to rise to 1 million barrels per day for the country.
The start-up of this pipeline was an important step in reducing Pacific E&P’s crude oil transportation costs.The extension of this pipeline across the Casanare River (in eastern Colombia) is a benchmark in engineering and environmental management.
- Puerto Bahia: Port infrastructure that respects the community and the environment. Puerto Bahia is a large-scale, multi-purpose port development for handling and storing oil and its derivatives as well as dry bulk and general cargo. This project crosses Colombia’s largest body of water, the La Virgen Swamp in the department of Bolivar in northern Colombia. This development constitutes a complex and interesting engineering challenge. Its construction represents an excellent example of respect for the environment, and it generates multiple benefits for the community.
- Los Llanos Power Transmission Line Project (PEL). In 2013, Pacific E&P concluded the Rubiales and Quifa Field power transmission line project. The Los Llanos Power Transmission Line is connected to the national grid at the Chivor electric substation in Boyaca, Colombia. It has 551 kilometres of power and fibre optic lines as well as 549 towers with a 192-megawatt capacity. The Company expects this project to reduce production costs at Quifa field by significantly lowering the electrical energy costs for oil production, which were generated by burning expensive imported diesel fuel and oil from field production. With this project, which started operating on January 20, 2014, the Company achieved energy savings of 50% per Kwh and attained reductions of 21% in the use of fossil fuels.
- Agrocascada: using water as leverage for shared value. The Agrocascada water irrigation project was conceived under the premise of mitigating the environmental impact inherent to the oil industry. In order to provide a sustainable alternative for managing production water and in an effort to lower costs and extend the economic life of the Company’s fields, the project aims to alleviate production constraints resulting from rising water production. The goal of the Agrocascada project is to make use of the wastewater from the production of crude oil to encourage the production, sale and transformation of agricultural and livestock products. This project will provide the Company with the approximate capacity to manage an additional one million barrels of water per day. This project contributes to easing pressure on water resources in terms of quantity (it offers the use of an alternative irrigation source) and quality (it transforms discharged water into a usable resource). Moreover, it has an extensive and positive social impact because it will create long-term employment in the agricultural and livestock industries; in the Los Llanos Orientales region of Colombia. In 2013, this project was chosen by the public as a winning initiative in Accenture’s second annual Innovation Awards in the Energy Resources category.
- STAR: improving oil production techniques. Synchronized Thermal Additional Recovery (STAR) is a proprietary technology developed and improved by Pacific E&P’s knowledge and experience that allows oil reserves and production at the Company’s oil fields to be increased. With STAR, the recovery factor for heavy crude oil deposits can be increased by onsite combustion; it is the only efficient method capable of creating major increases in reserves and production. Although there are various other technologies based on onsite combustion, STAR’s distinguishing feature lies in the combination of well architecture and real-time data collection. With artificial intelligence, it is possible to manage the front’s advance and achieve synchronization. Thus, the heterogeneity factor is eliminated and the efficiency of the sweeping process is increased.
The project has been developed at different research stages to be adapted to the special characteristics of the heavy crude deposits (high permeability, unfavourable water/oil mobility ratios and constant pressure from the infinite hydraulic thrust of aquifers) in the Los Llanos Orientales Basin of Colombia such as the one in the Quifa field. Applying STAR technology in oil fields such as Quifa and Cajua, where there are resources of more than 12 billion barrels of oil onsite, could increase recovery by up to 50%. With the results obtained thus far, STAR has demonstrated that it is a top-tier technological option to increase the value of heavy crude oilfield operations, not only in Colombia but in other places as well. The technology tested by Pacific E&P and Ecopetrol in the Quifa field in the department of Meta in Colombia has been recognized as one of the world’s most successful pilot combustion projects among at least 200 similar programs. In just 2 years, STAR has recovered more reserves than most combustion projects that have been in operation for 10 years or more. The results of the pilot program in Quifa field were certified by three independent companies: Hot Tec Energy, RPS Energy of Canada, and GLS Petroleum Consultants.
- Centre of Excellence for Projects and Maintenance. Pacific E&P’s Centre of Excellence for Projects and Maintenance is a think tank for advancing projects and practices either developed by the Company or existing internationally. This Centre has made it possible to apply new technologies to improve efficiency and decrease operating costs.
- Pacific Corporate University (PCU). PCU is the internal university that manages the Company’s sustainable organizational model and forges a culture that acquires and transfers knowledge continuously based on skills development and knowledge management. The PCU model is based on the development of executive, technical and behavioural skills, and on managing knowledge to make the organization’s know-how applicable and integrative, thus providing leverage for the business’s strategy.Due to the successful implementation of this learning model within the Company, in 2014 Pacific Corporate University was recognized as “Best Overall Corporate University” by CorpU in the “Learning Excellence and Innovation Awards”.This is the third consecutive year that the Corporate University has been recognized: in 2013, PCU won in the “Branding” and “Learning Technology” categories, and in 2012, it won the award in the “Branding” category.